The virus is spread by mosquitoes and can cause severe joint pain.Chikungunya is a viral infection that’s spread among humans by mosquitoes that carry the virus.
The infection is known for the sudden high fever and severe joint pain or stiffness it can cause.
Other common symptoms of chikungunya include rash, muscle pain, headache, nausea, and fatigue.
Most people recover fully from chikungunya and become immune to it for life. However, the pain may last for weeks or recur months later.
In up to 15 percent of cases, it may become chronic, lasting years. As a result, chikungunya can sometimes be misdiagnosed as rheumatoid arthritis.
Rarely, chikungunya infections can lead to severe problems on the skin, or in the eyes, kidneys, heart, or nervous system.
There is currently no cure or vaccine for chikungunya. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms.
The name “chikungunya” comes from a word in the Makonde (or Kimakonde) language of Southern Africa, meaning “to walk bent over,” describing the stooped appearance of those suffering from intense joint pain.
During epidemics, the cycle of chikungunya transmission is mainly between mosquitoes and humans.
In parts of Africa, however, wild primates and bats have been known to contribute to human epidemics through mosquito bites.